Leading Technologies in 21st Century(I)

Nov 15, 2021 | Narwal Robot
Leading Technologies in 21st Century(I)
The impact of technology in our daily lives is far more widespread than we actually think. It has changed our ways to communicate, socialize, and entertain ourselves and it is growing at a rapid pace. From the smartphone revolution to clean energy, technology has had an impact on our lives in almost every way. The delivery services that we use today, the online payment, the internet that we use every day is all part of the technology that has made our lives easier. And some of the new-born technologies are reshaping the world.

AI--Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that attempts to understand the essence of intelligence and produce a new intelligent machine that can respond in a similar way to human intelligence, including robotics, language recognition, image recognition, natural language processing and expert systems. Since the birth of artificial intelligence, the theory and technology have become increasingly mature, and the field of application has been expanding. It is conceivable that the technological products brought by artificial intelligence in the future will be the "container" of human intelligence.

Artificial intelligence can simulate the information process of human consciousness and thinking. Artificial intelligence is not human intelligence, but it can think like a human being, and may exceed human intelligence. Artificial intelligence is an extremely challenging science, and those who work on it must have knowledge of computers, psychology and philosophy. Artificial intelligence is a very broad science that consists of different fields, such as machine learning, computer vision, etc. In general, one of the main goals of AI research is to enable machines to perform complex tasks that normally require human intelligence.

IoT--Internet of Things

The Internet of Things, or IoT, refers to the billions of physical devices around the world that are now connected to the internet, all collecting and sharing data. Thanks to the arrival of super-cheap computer chips and the ubiquity of wireless networks, it's possible to turn anything, from something as small as a pill to something as big as an aeroplane, into a part of the IoT.

Connecting up all these different objects and adding sensors to them adds a level of digital intelligence to devices that would be otherwise dumb, enabling them to communicate real-time data without involving a human being. The Internet of Things is making the fabric of the world around us more smarter and more responsive, merging the digital and physical universes.

VR--Virtual Reality

VR is a simulated experience that can be similar to or completely different from the real world. Applications of virtual reality include entertainment, education and business. Other distinct types of VR-style technology include augmented reality and mixed reality, sometimes referred to as extended reality or XR.

Currently, standard virtual reality systems use either virtual reality headsets or multi-projected environments to generate realistic images, sounds and other sensations that simulate a user's physical presence in a virtual environment. A person using virtual reality equipment is able to look around the artificial world, move around in it, and interact with virtual features or items. The effect is commonly created by VR headsets consisting of a head-mounted display with a small screen in front of the eyes, but can also be created through specially designed rooms with multiple large screens. Virtual reality typically incorporates auditory and video feedback, but may also allow other types of sensory and force feedback through haptic technology.

4D Printing

3D Printing technology has existed for almost 30 years now. Yet, while the Additive Manufacturing industry is still discovering new applications, new materials, and new 3D printers, another technology is arising.

4D printing is the process through which a 3D printed object transforms itself into another structure over the influence of external energy input as temperature, light or other environmental stimuli.

This technology is part of the project of MIT Self-assembly Lab. The purpose of this project is to combine technology and design to invent self-assembly and programmable material technologies aiming at reimagining construction, manufacturing, product assembly, and performance.


And more, stay tuned.